Garlic has played multiple roles throughout its long history with mankind. It is food, disease preventative, flavouring agent, health preserver, and health...more...
Store garlic in a cool, well-ventilate area. Do not store it in the refrigerator or below 10°C or it will sprout. In general, ideal conditions are...more...
Hardneck garlic clusters into three groups: Porcelain, Rocambole, Purple Stripe and assorted types...more...
Garlic adds dimension and flavour to any savoury dish. Click to find some creative recipes...more...
The tender stem and flower bud found on a garlic plant. The scape grows first erect, then coil and is removed in late June to encourage the bulbs to increase in size. It has a mild garlic-flavour with a texture resembling asparagus. The scapes are the first taste of the new crop’s bounty and coincide nicely with spring and early summer’s bbq season; making a great substitute for regular garlic in any recipe.
Tender, young garlic that is harvested before the familiar bulb fully develops underground. Also known as spring garlic, it resembles a scallion but yields an aromatic, delicate garlic flavour. When harvested in mid-May a unique garlic flavour is present along with the highest nutritional and nutraceutical plant properties.
Hardneck garlic produces a central flowering stalk commonly called scapes, garlic flowers, stems, whips, or tops, anywhere from May to June depending on your region. The most common practice is to remove the scape and eat it, as it is considered one of the greatest culinary garlic delicacies by cultures in the know. Hardneck cultivars include some of the world’s finest-tasting garlics and have the greatest range of characteristics. Softneck garlic, most commonly sold in groceries, do not produce a flowering stalk or scape.
Garlic (Allium sativum) belongs to the Allium family,
the same family as onions, shallots and leeks. The majority of
Ontario-grown garlic is sold to the fresh market as whole,
fresh bulbs, green garlic or scapes.
Only Hardneck garlic varieties produce a scape.
Research has shown that when the scape is left on the plant,
bulb yields can be decreased by as much as 30%, because energy is
diverted to bulbil production rather than bulb sizing.
Garlic is a perennial plant that requires cold temperature
to initiate growth. In Ontario, garlic is grown as a winter annual;
planted in the fall and harvested the following summer.
Although autumn planting is recommended,
it is possible to plant in the early spring.